******* DANISH (Dansk) to ENGLISH *******
My thanks to Sherry Sherman in Colorado for this list


-- A --
aar or ar = year
aar gammel = years old
aarlig = annual, yearly
ad = by, at, through, along
adel = nobility, titled
adel = nobility
adkomst = right, claim, title
adoptivebarn = adopted child
adskillelse = separation
advarsel = several
aegeteskab = marriage, matrimony
aegtefaelle = spouse
aegtemand = husband
aegtepar = couple, married people
aegteskab = marriage
aeldst = eldest, oldest
af = from, out of, about, upon
af og til = now and then
afdeling = section, department, military unit
afdelingschef = head of a department
afdod = deceased (i.e. the late Mr Smith)
affaere = business deal
afga = go away, leave
afgangen = departed (deceased)
afgift = tax, duty, customs fee
afgorlse = decision or settlement
afgornde = final, conclusive
afhaengig = dependent
aflaegge = achieve, do, perform
aftaegtskone = female pensioner on own farm
aftaegtsmand = male pensioner on own farm
aktuel = current, up to date
alder = age
alderdomshjem = old people's home
alene = alone, solitary
almisse = on public welfare
alms = parish welfare rolls
amme = nurse
amt (abbreviation) = county
anden = second
anden gang = second time
anden or andet = another, other
andre = others
ANM (abbreviation for ANMeldelsen) = this report, this entry
annuleret = ticket was cancelled (person did not leave at that time)
antage or antaget = accept, adopt, assume (positive)
apoteker = pharmacist
april = April (the month)
arbejde = work, job
arbejder or arbejdsmand = unskilled laborer, worker, workman
arbejdslos = unemployed
arbejdsloshed = unemployment
arkiv = archive
arve = inherit
arvinger = ihheritor, heir, inheritance
at = to
august = August (the month)
avl = crop, breeding
avlsbruger or avlsmand = farmer


-- B --
baade = both
baadforer = helmsman
baaret = carried
bager = baker
baptisat = baptism
bare = just, only
barn = child
barsel = childbirth
barselseng = childbed (giving birth)
beboer = inhabitant
begravelse = burial
begravet = buried
beklager = I'm sorry
beliggende = situated at
besaettelse = occupation
bestyrer = estate manager
betegnelse = appointment
betler = beggar
bibliotek = library
blind = blind
bo or boet or boede = reside
bodker = cooper, barrelmaker
boel = small farm
boelsmand = small farm holder
boende = residing
bog = book
bogbinder = bookbinder
boghandel = book store
boghandler = book seller
bolig = residence
bonde = peasant farmer
bondegaard = estate, property
bopael or bophael = residence, dwelling place
borger = middle class citizen
borgmester = mayor
born = children
borneborn = grandchildren
bossemager = gunsmith
braendevinsbraender = distiller
broder = brother
broderdatter = brother's daughter
broderson = brother's son
bror = brother
brud = bride
brudevielse = married
brudgom = bridegroom
brygger = brewer
bryllup = wedding
bugt = bay
buntmager = furrier
by = village, town
bydel = district, neighborhood
byfoged = town bailiff
bygmester = builder, contractor
bygning = building


-- C --
cand jur (probably an abbreviation) = Bachelor of Law (degree)
cand mag (probably an abbreviation) = Bachelor of Arts (degree)
cautionsmaend or cautionisterne = witness, co-signer
chatol = bureau
citat = quotation
citere = to quote
civilstand = civil status (marital status)


-- D --
da = then, as, since, when
daab = christening or baptism
dag = day
dage = days (plural)
daglejer = day laborer
dato = date (noun)
datter = daughter
de = they, those, the, you
december = December (the month)
degn = parish clerk
degnegaard = clerk's residence
degnen = clerk's residence
dekret = decree
del = a share of, section
dem = them
den = it, they, the (sometimes used as who)
der = that, who, there (adverb) or who, which (pronoun)
derfor = therefore
derfra = from there, thence
derhen = that way, yonder
derpaa = beyond, next, thereafter
derunder = below, underneath
des = the
desponsat = betrothal, engagement
desuden = besides, in addition
det = it, that
dets = its
did = that way, yonder
dig or du = you
din or dit = your
dirigent = manager
discipel = pupil
distriktslaege = district doctor
do = die
dobt = christened, baptized
dod = died, dead, death
dodelig = deadly, fatal
dodfodt = stillborn
dom = legal judgment, verdict
domhus = courthouse
domkirke = cathedral
domme = judge, sentence (verb)
dommer = justice of the peace
dottre = daughters (plural)
dov = deaf
draegtig = pregnant
dragon = dragoon
drejer = turner (such as a lathe operator)
dreng = boy, lad
dydig = virtuous


-- E --
ed = oath
efter = after
efterlade = left behind
efterlevende = deceasedís surviving relative
efternavn = surname
egennavn = proper name
ej = not, nor
eje = possession (noun) or own (verb)
ejer = owner
eller = or
ellers = elsewhere
embedemand = official
emne = subject, topic
ene = alone, one
enebarn = only child
enke or enkefrue = widow
enkemand = widower
enlig = single, living alone
er = is, are, am erhverv = profession
et = one, a, an or suddenly


-- F --
faddere = sponsors at baptism
fader or far = father
faedrene = paternal, ancestral
faeste bonde = copyhold peasant farmer
faestegard = copyhold (specifically for a farm)
-faester = suffix meaning tenant
faetter = male cousin
fag = branch, department, section
fagforening = syndicate, corporation, union
familie = family
far el mor = father & mother or parents
farbroder or faderbroder or farbror = fatherís brother (or paternal uncle)
farfar or farfader = fatherís father (or paternal grandfather)
farmor or farmoder = fatherís mother (or paternal grandmother)
farver = dyer
faster = fatherís sister (or paternal aunt)
fattig = poor, indigent
fattiglem = pauper
februar = February (the month)
feldbereder = hide tanner
feltskaerer = barber-surgeon
femte = fifth
fisker = fisherman
fjerde = fourth
fjerhandler = feather monger (trades in feathers)
fodeby = native town
fodesogn = native parish
fodested = cradle, place of birth
fodgarder = guardsman
fodsel = birth
fodseldag = birthday
fodt = born
foged = bailiff
folketaelling = census (abbreviated as FT)
for = at, to, toward, too, before
foraeldre = parents
fordi = because
forfatter = author, writer
forhen = formerly, previously
forlaegger = publisher
forlovelse = betrothal, engagement
forlovet = engaged
formand = council chairman
fornavn = first name, christian name
forpagter = tenant farmer
forsorges af = provided by
forstad = suburb
forste = first
fortov or fortog = footpath, pavement
fra = from, of
fraskilt = divorced
fredag = Friday (the weekday)
frisor = barber, hairdresser
froken (abbreviated as Frk) = Miss (title), young lady
frue = Mrs (used only for upper class)
fuldmaegtig = head or managing clerk
fuldmagt = someone with power to sign for the company
fyrmester = lighthouse keeper


-- G --
gaa = go, walk
gaa ud = exit, go out
gaard = estate, property
gaard or gard = farm (plural if it has an e at the end)
gaardbeboer = farm dweller or resident
gaardejer or gardejer = farm owner
gaardsplads = courtyard
gade = street
gaestgiver = innkeeper
gage = salary, wage
gammel = old, aged, elder (abbreviated as gl)
gardfaester = copyholder, tenant
gardmand = farmer
gartner = gardener
garver = tanner
gejstlig = clergyman
gesandt = ambassador, messenger
geworbne = enlisted
gift = married
gifte sig = be or get married
gifte sig med = become the spouse of
glarmester = glazier
godaften = good afternoon, good evening
goddag = good day
godmorgen = good morning
godnat = good night
gods = property, estate
godsejer = squire
gortler = brass moulder
graense = boundary, limit
greve = count, earl
grubearbejder = miner
grund = leased plot on a farm
gudmoder = godmother
guldsmed = goldsmith


-- H --
haandvaerker = craftsman, tradesman
hallo = hello
ham = him
han = he
handarbejde = needlework
handel = do business, commerce, trade
handelsbetjent = shop assistant
handelsmand = businessman
handskemager = glove maker
hans = his (used also as a first name)
har = has, have
har huus = has house
hattemager = hat maker
hav = sea
havde = had
have = have
hedde = named, called (verb)
hede = moor, heath
hej = hello
hel = entire, overall
heller = neither, nor
hellere or hellst = preferably, rather
Hellig Tre Kinger = Epiphany (January 6)
hende or hendes = her or hers
herr = a male title, mister, sir
herre (abbreviated as Hr) = Mr (upper class use only), gentleman, lord
herred = district
herredsfoged = district bailiff
hid = here, this way
hilse = greet
hilsen = greeting
hjem = home
hjemme = at home
hjemmeside = homepage
hjulmand = wheelwright
hoj = high, tall, loud
hojbaadsmand = boatswain
hojhus = apartment building
hoker = small shop keeper
holde hus = keep house
holtzforster = forest steward
hos = at, by, near, next to

hovedgard = manor
hugger = logger
hun = her, she
hus or huus = house
husbond = husband
husbonde = head of household
huse = to lodge
husejer = homeowner
husfoged = advocate, lawyer
husjomfru = housekeeper
husly = accomodation (husly = hus + ly = house + shelter)
husmand = small landholder
husmoder or husmor = housewife
hustand = household
hustru = wife or housewife
hvad = what, that
hvem or hvilken or hvilket = who
hvis = whose
hvor = where
hvordan = how, in what way
hvorfor = why
hvornaar = when
hyld = elder
hyrde = herdsman, shepherd
hytte = cabin, hut, shack


-- I --
i = in, at, into, on, within
idet = as
idet mindste = at least
igar = yesterday
igar aftes = last night
igen = again
igennem = through
ikke = not, no (negative)
imellem = between, among
imens = whereas, meanwhile
imitlertid = for, during, while
imod = upon, across from, opposed to
imorges = this morning
inat = tonight
indbygger = inhabitant
indeholde = include, contain
inden = before, within
inderste = lodger (as in a house - living as a renter)
indeslutte = include
indsidder = lodger (as in a room at a farm)
indtil = until
ingen = neither, nobody, none
ingenior = engineer
intet = none or nothing


-- J --
ja or jo = yes
jaeger = hunter, gamekeeper
januar = January (the month)
jeg = I (the pronoun), or as a noun = ego or self
jer = you
jeres = your
jomfru = Miss (used only for upper class)
jord = earth, land, soil
jordbrug = farming
juli = July (the month)
juni = June (the month)


-- K --
kaelder = basement, cellar
kaer = sweet, dear
kaereste = fiancee, sweetheart
kaeresten = boyfriend
kaerster = girlfriend
kalde = call, summon
kaldet = called
kammager = comb maker (kam = comb + mager = maker)
kant = border, edge, rim
kapellan = curate
kaptajn = captain
karetmager = coach builder
karl = farmhand
kasserer = cashier, teller, treasurer
kemiker = chemist
kende = know, be acquainted with
kirke = church
kirkebog = parish register (i KB = written in the parish register)
kirkegaard = church cemetery
kirkevaerge = church warden
kirurg = surgeon
klejnsmed = locksmith
klodsmager = block maker
klokker = bellringer
kludesamler = ragman
knaegt = lad, boy, servant
kobbersmed = coppersmith
kober = buyer, client, purchaser
kobmand = storekeeper, merchant, businessman
kobstad = provincial town
kokkepige = female cook
komme = come
kone = wife, woman
konfirmation = confirmation
konfirmeret = confirmed
konge = king
kontorist = clerk
kopuleret = married
kornmaler = corn measurer
korporal = corporal
kort = brief, short
kraemmer = shopkeeper
kraeve = need, require, yearn for
kriger = warrior
krigs- = military (prefix)
kromand or krovaert = innkeeper, hostel, inn
krop = body
kuld = brood, litter
kun = only, just
kurvemager = basket maker
kusine = female cousin
kusk = coachman, driver
kvartermester = quartermaster
kvinde = woman, female
kvindelig = female, feminine
kvint = fifth
kyst = coast, shoreline


-- L --
laan or laane = lend, borrow, loan
lade = behind, barn, let
lade sig skille = get divorced
laege = doctor, physician
laerer = teacher
laerling = pupil, apprentice
landarbejder = farm worker (literally = land worker)
landmand = farmer (general term)
landsdommer = chief justice
lang = long (adjective)
lastvogn = truck
laugvaerge = guardian
lav = low, shallow
lave = achieve, act, do, perform
legeme = nody
lejer = renter, tenant
lejlighed = apartment
lem (abbreviation for medlem) = member of the group on almisse
levende = alive
lever af = be alive, live
lidt or lille = little
lig = corpse (noun) or like, similar (adjective)
ligbaerer = pallbearer
lige = equal, direct
ligne = resemble, be similar
lignende = similar, alike
liv = life
logerende = lodger, paying guest
lojtnant = lieutenant
lon = wages, salary
lone = borrow, lend, loan
lordag = Saturday (the weekday)
lov = law


-- M --
m/k (abbreviation) = man/woman
maal = aim, goal, purpose
maaneder = months
maaske = maybe, perhaps
maatte = must, have to, should
madmoder = housewife
maengd = crowd, mass, multitude
maj or mai = May (the month
maler = painter
mand = man (sometimes used for husband)
mandag = Monday (the weekday)
mandlig = male, masculine
maned = month
mark = field
marts = March (the month)
maskinskriverske = typist
matros = sailor
med = with
medhjaelper = assistant
medlem = member
mejerkse = milkmaid
mellem = among, between
men = but
menighed = congregation
menneske = human being, person, people
menneskehed = human race, mankind
menneskelig = human
mig = me
min or mine or mit = my
mindreaarig = under age
moden = mature, ripe
moder = mother
molle = mill
moller = miller
mon = virgin, maid, maiden (poetic translation - derived from old Norse)
mon = a special type of whitish chalky clay
mor = mother
morbroder or morbror = motherís brother (or maternal uncle)
morfar or morfader = motherís father (or maternal grandfather)
mormor or mormoder = motherís mother (or maternal grandmother)
moster = motherís sister (or maternal aunt)
mulighvis = maybe, perhaps, possibly
murer = bricklayer, mason
muurmester = master bricklayer
myndig = above the age of majority, adult, full grown
myndighed = board of directors
myndling = under the age of majority


-- N --
nabo = neighbor
nabolag = neighborhood, vicinity
naer = nearby, close
naersoskendebarn = near relation
naervaerende = actual, current, present
naest or naeste = next, nearest
naesten = almost
nalemager = needle maker
nar = when
nat = night
navn = name
nej = no
nemlig = namely
nevo = nephew
niece = niece
niende = ninth
nogen (no slashed o) = somebody, anybody (pronoun)
nogen (with slashed o) = naked, nude
nogenhed (with slashed o) = nakedness, nudity
nogle = somebody, anybody (pronoun)
nok = enough, sufficient
nord = north
nord for = above
norre or nordre = northern
noter = notes
november = November (the month)
nu = now, at present
nummer (sometimes abbreviated as nr) = number
nuvaerende = existing
nytaarsdag = New Years Day


-- O --
officer = officer
ofte = often
og = or, and
ogsaa = also, too
oktober = October (the month)
om = a, in, on, per, about
omkring = about, around, towards
omrade = region, territory
omtrent = about, approximately
onkel = uncle
onsdag = Wednesday (the weekday)
op or ad = above, on top
opdrage = educate, train
opgivelse = declaration, statement
ophavsmand = author
opholdskone = female pensioner on own farm
opholdsmand = male pensioner on own farm
opsidder = farm manager
opvarter = waiter
os = us
ost = east
oster or ostre = eastern
otte = eight
ottende = eighth
ov rig = additional, remaining
oven = above, on top
over = about, upon, upper
overblik = abridgement, summary


-- P --
paa = on, upon, in, at, toward, from, of
paaske = Easter (the holiday)
paatage = assume responsibility
papirhandel = stationers shop
parre sig = mate
parykmager = wigmaker
pelsner = furrier
pige = girl, unmarried female
pinse = Penetecost
plads = place, location
plejebarn = foster child
plejebarn i datters sted = foster child in daughters place
plejebarn i sÝns sted = foster child in sons place
podemester = grafting master
politibjent = police constable
pottemager = potter
praest or praeste = priest, minister, clergyman, pastor
praestegaard = rectory
praestegarden = the Parsonage
primitiva = fore, greatgrand-, primitive
prokurator = attorney
proprietaer = landowner
provst = dean, clergy


-- Q --
qvaegrygter = cattleman


-- R --
radmand or raadmand = alderman, councilman
rand = border, edge
rask = healthy, well
rebslager or rebslaager = rope maker
redaktor = editor
regering = administration, government
rejsende = traveller
ridefoged = bailiff
ringere = less, minus
rokkedrejer = spinning wheel maker
rytter = cavalryman


-- S --
saa = then, thus, that way
saadan or saledes = so, such, thus
saar = year
sadelmager = saddle maker (sometimes used for an upholsterer)
saedvane = custom, habit
saelge = sell, vend
salig (abbreviated as sal or sl) = blessed deceased
samme = the same
sammen = together
samtykke = agreement, mutual understanding
se = see, look
sejler = sailor
selvejer = owner
september = September (the month)
sepultis = buried
sid ste = last, latest
side = page, side
siden = since
sidst = last, latest
sig = themselves, himself, herself
sige = day
sin or sit = her, his, its, their, one's
sin egen = his/her own
sjette = sixth
skabe = create, make, cause
skat = tax
ske = become, happen
skib = ship
skibsforer = ship's navigator
skibskaptain = ship's captain
skifte = probate
skifteprotokoller = probate record
skilles = get divorced
skilmisse = divorce
skilt = divorced
skipper = skipper (ship's captain)
skole = school
skoleholder = school teacher
skolelaererr or skolemester = schoolmaster
skomager = shoemaker
skov = forest, woods
skovfoged = forester
skovrider = forest steward
skraedder = tailor
skriver = secretary, scribe
skuespiller = actor
skulle = have to, must, should
slaegt or slaegtning = realtives, relation
slaegtsforskning = genealogy
slaegtskab = relationship
slaegtsnavn = family name, surname
slaegtstavle = genealogical table
slagter = butcher
smed = blacksmith
snart = soon
snedker = joiner (specific type of carpenter), cabinet maker
sobruger = beachcomber
sogeresultat = search result
sogn = parish
sognedegn = parish clerk
sognefoged = parish executive officer
sognefogeden = the civilian administration
sognekommune = rural district
sognepraest = parish clergyman, pastor
soldat = soldier
solvsmed = silversmith
som = who, which, that
somand = seaman, sailor
son = son
sondag = Sunday (the weekday)
sondre or sonder = southern
sonner = sons (plural)
soskende = sibling
soskendedebarn = siblingís child (niece or nephew)
soster = sister
sosterdatter = niece, sister's daughter
sosterson = nephew, sister's son
spaedbarn = baby
spinder or spinderske = spinner (2nd one used for female)
stamme = be descended
stat = state
stationsforstander = stationmaster
statsborger = citizen
sted = residence, place, location
stenhugger = stone cutter
stif-fader = stepfather
stilling = employment, occupation
stolemager = chair maker
stor = big, great, large
store (abbreviated as st) = bigger, larger
strand = beach
studiosus = scholar
stuepige = parlourmaid
styre or styrre = rule, direct, guide
styrmand = mate
sund = healthy, well
sundhed = health
svarer = representative
-svend (suffix) = apprentice or journeyman
sviger- (prefix) = in-law
svigerdatter = daughter-in-law
svigerfar = father-in-law
svigerforaeldre = parents-in-law
svigerinde = sister-in-law
svigermor = mother-in-law
svigerson = son-in-law
svoger = brother-in-law
syd = south
sydvestligedel = southwest lying part
syg = ill, sick
sygeplejerske = nurse
syvende = seventh


-- T --
taerskemand or taersker = thresher
tak = thank you
tale = speak, talk
tambourmand = military drummer
tambur = drummer
tandlaegge = dentist
tante = aunt
teglbraender = tile maker
testamente = testament
testes = witnesses
tiende = tenth
til = at, to, toward, from, of
tilskund = subsidy
tirsdag = Thursday (the weekday)
tjene = servant
tjener = work, earn
tjenestedreng = farmer's boy
tjenestefolk = servants
tjenestekarl = farm hand, male laborer
tjenestepige = farm maid, female servant
tobaksspinder = tobacco spinner
toldbetjent = customs officer
toldskriver = customs clerk
tÝmmer = timber, lumber
tÝmmermand or tÝmrer = a carpenter, not a carpenter's man
tÝmrersvend = carpenter's swain, journeyman carpenter
torsdag = Thursday (the weekday)
trae = tree, timber, wood
traeskomager = clog maker, wooden shoe maker
tredie = third
trolovelse = betrothal
trolovet = betrothed
tvaers = across, on the other side of
tvilling = twins
tyende = servant, farmhand
typograf = typographer


-- U --
uaegte = illegitimate
ud = from, out
udbygger = tenant farmer
udder or uden = without
ude = outside
udi = from, in
udlandet = gone to a foreign country
udvandre = emigrate
uger = weeks
ugift = unmarried
uldspinder = wool spinner
ulykkestilfaelda = accident
umyndige = underage, a minor
undentag = retired
under = lower, below
undskyld = excuse me
ung = young, youngster
ungdom = youth
ungefaehr = approximately, about
ungkarl = bachelor
urmager = watchmaker
urtegaardsmand = herb & produce farmer
urtekraemmer = grocer
usand = false, untrue


-- V --
vaegter = watchman
vaerge = guardian
vaertshusholder = licensed supplier (food or consumables usually)
vaertshusmand = innskeeper
vaever = weaver
vagtmester = principal officer
vanfor = disabled
var = was, were
ved = at, by, on
vedrorende = toward, with reference to
vej = road, route, way
vejer = weigher
vest = west
vester or vestre = western
vidnere = witnesses
vi = us, we
vidnere = about, concerning
vie = marry, wed
viede or viet = wedded
vielse = marriage (as in the ceremony)
vis = show
vognmand = carrier, coachman, teamster
vurderingsmand = evaluator
voksen = adult, full grown
vor or vort = our
vaere = be
vaer venlig = please


-- Y --
yngst = youngest



-- Phrases --
bvor anfort fom fob - OR - hvor anfort son fodt = where noted as born
det forstar jeg ikke = I don't understand
feldet i sin gerning paa havet = fallen while doing his job on the sea
hvad hedder de? = what is your name?
hvordan har de det? = how are you?
jeg forstaar = I understand
jeg hedder (insert name here) = my name is (state name)
jeg kan kum tale en lille smule dansk = I speak only a little Danish.
kan de tale engelsk? = do you speak English?
raar og af hvem baccineret - OR - naar og of hvem vaccineret = when and by whom vaccinated
uf gangslifte - OR - afgangsliste = list of people leaving the parish
uf gaaebe fra sognet formedelft - OR - afgaaede fra sognet formedelst bortreise =left parish due to going away (presumably moved to live elsewhere or emmigrated from country)
velbekomme = you're welcome


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